From the world’s independent memory leader. Each module is designed, manufactured, tested and tailored to maximize the performance of a specific brand name computer system.
Kingston’s competitively priced, industry standard memory delivers award-winning performance and legendary Kingston® reliability. When you know what you want, you want ValueRAM.
Engineered and tested to deliver extreme performance, HyperX easily endures the most rigorous demands of any creative professional, gamer or PC enthusiast.
Revive your computer with improved speed, performance and reliability over traditional hard drives.
Extend the lifecycle and dramatically improve the performance of PCs for a lower TCO with SSDNow drives designed for business.
These enterprise SSDs offer increased endurance and power-failure features to keep mission-critical environments up and running 24/7.
Small-capacity hard drive replacements that are ideal for non-PC applications.
HyperX SSDs deliver extreme performance for the extreme performer.
DataTraveler Flash drives offer capacities up to 1TB and a wide variety of features. Store and transfer photos, music, videos and files with legendary Kingston reliability.
Encrypted Secure Drives
Designed to protect data that requires airtight security, these drives help you meet specific agency directives like TAA and FIPS compliance and are ideal for Government or Corporate use.
Windows To Go Drives
Kingston offers Flash drives designed for and certified by Microsoft® for use with Windows® To Go. A feature of Windows 8 Enterprise, Windows to Go lets IT administrators provide mobile and contingency workers with secure access to the corporate environment.
Photo/Video (SD Cards)
From everyday use to professional photo or video, these cards deliver exceptional speeds, huge capacities and legendary Kingston reliability.
Mobile Devices (microSD)
Reliable photo and video storage for phones, tablets, PDAs and more. Available in a full range of sizes and speeds with accessories to suit your needs.
High-End Photo (CompactFlash)
Designed and custom-tailored for photo and video professionals with the highest demands for speed, capacity, performance and reliability.
Kingston Card Readers quickly transfer all your data – photos, videos, music, etc.– so you can wait less and do more. They support a wide variety of formats, including microSD, microSDHC, SD, SDHC, SDXC and CompactFlash.
Access all your data, wherever you go with MobileLite Wireless. It’s a portable media reader for tablets and smartphones that lets you share data with three users simultaneously. Plus it’s an emergency battery charger for your smartphone.
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SSDs are becoming popular performance upgrades for notebooks and are praised for their speed and durability. However, SSDs can offer tremendous gains in performance in desktops, workstations and servers when SSDs are grouped together into RAID arrays and presented to the host operating system as a single drive. RAID storage accomplishes two main objectives:
Most RAID controllers today that support SAS drives also support SATA drives. This means that a user can attach either SAS or SATA drives to the same backplanes and RAID controllers. Users didn’t have this flexibility several years ago with parallel SCSI and ATA technology as the two technologies had to live in separate systems. This flexibility gives the user the benefit of designating certain drives for specific workloads within the same system which has ROI benefits as well as less hardware to manage for administrators.
Until recently, most RAID controllers were designed for hard drives but since SSDs are designed to be drive-for-drive replacements, SSDs will work with most RAID controllers currently on the market today.
Our SSD Testing with New RAID Controllers
Here at Kingston we have tested our SSDs with several RAID controllers from third-party vendors such as Adaptec, LSI and Areca as well as RAID controllers that are built into mainstream servers. When we attached SSDs to these controllers, our immediate findings were that performance would scale as SSDs were added to the system until reaching the performance saturation point of the RAID controller. We typically found that only four to six high-performance SSDs would reach the controller’s limit.
On average, we are seeing read performance in the area of 1000MB/s and write performance at approximately 750MB/s on a single controller. When comparing hard drive and SSD performance we saw the largest gains in IOPS performance when testing with small 4KB files. IOPS primarily pertain to server workloads so large gains in performance can be achieved by using SSDs as a caching mechanism to cache transaction and working set files on database servers.
Today’s mainstream desktops and workstations feature built-in RAID controllers on the motherboard. These RAID arrays are configured in a separate RAID BIOS accessible on system bootup. Just using two SSDs in a RAID 0 stripe can double drive performance at a minimal cost. Or use two SSDs to mirror (RAID 1) your system drive in the event one drive fails the secondary drive will take over and the user is still up and running with no data loss.
In the past year or so, RAID controller designers have gone back to the drawing board to developed new RAID controller technology to address the increased performance capabilities that SSDs can offer. These changes have come in the way of new RAID processing engines, multi core CPUs and DDR3 DRAM cache buffers. Additionally some vendors are offering software with their RAID controllers to use in hybrid storage solutions where both traditional hard drives and SSDs are used together. This software identifies frequently read (“hot”) data and copies it directly into an SSD cache for superior read performance. Some RAID designers are claiming throughput as high as 2600MB/s and hundreds of thousand of IOPS from a single controller.
For servers, SSDs are ideal for small dataset applications where high-performance IO is required or for an application where a user designates a caching area on high-speed storage for transaction files, temporary database files and frequently accessed tables.
For desktops and workstations, configuring a small multi drive RAID array can offer large gains in overall system performance and accelerate applications that are IO bound by slow hard drives. RAID arrays are easy to configure and are a cost-effective way to increase performance and reliability on these platforms.
Author: Cameron Crandall - Kingston Technology
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