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Open the control panel, open administrative tools and then open computer management. Click on Disk Management and see if the SSD drive is seen in the right window pane. If it is, right click on where it is labeled as disk 1, disk 2, etc and select "Initialize disk" (this may come up automatically when you go to Disk Management).

In XP, right click on the area to the right of that and choose "New Partition". Then choose "Primary Partition" in the partition wizard. Continue with the wizard by choosing the size, drive letter and formatting of the partition.

In Windows Vista and 7, right click on the area to the right of the disk label and choose "New Simple Volume". Continue with the wizard by choosing the size, drive letter and formatting of the partition.

In MacOS, a "disk insertion" window will appear. Click on the "initialize" button. This will take you to the disk utility. Select the Kingston drive from the list of drives on the left side of the Window. From the actions available, choose partition. For the "Volume Scheme", choose "1 partition". For the format, choose MacOS extended for a permanent drive. Choose ExFAT for an external drive (available on MacOS 10.6.6 and above). Click Apply. A warning windows will appear stating you will erase all data from the drive. Click on the partition button at the bottom.

FAQ: KSD-060314-GEN-14

It is strongly recommended that this drive NOT be used as a single boot drive. These drives are designed to be used in a RAID configuration in a server environment. If you intend to use this drive as a single boot drive, you MUST disable the TRIM function otherwise drive instability and data loss is likely to occur. This problem will not occur if the drive is configured in a RAID. TRIM commands cannot be sent to the drive when SSDs are in a RAID configuration. We are working on a firmware update to resolve this problem.

In the meantime, if you are using it as a single boot drive, you can disable TRIM. To disable the TRIM command in Windows 7 and Server 2008, type the following and press enter in the Elevated command:

fsutil behavior set disabledeletenotify 1

In Linux, TRIM must be enabled manually. In Mac OS, TRIM is only supported with Apple branded drives.

FAQ: KSD-070512-E100-01

When the SSD is recognized in the BIOS, but Windows 7 installation does not detect the drive, follow these steps:

Disconnect any other hard drives or SSDs. Boot the Windows 7 installation disk. Choose repair, then advanced, then command prompt. Type: "diskpart" without quotes and press Enter. You will see a prompt labeled "diskpart". Type the following commands and press enter after each one.

Diskpart > Select Disk 0
Diskpart > Clean
Diskpart > Create Partition Primary Align=1024
Diskpart > Format Quick FS=NTFS
Diskpart > List Partition
Diskpart > Active
Diskpart > Exit

Then reboot the computer to the Windows 7 installation disk.

FAQ: KSD-100214-GEN-20

Trim dan garbage collection adalah teknologi yang menggabungkan SSD modern untuk meningkatkan performa dan daya tahan SSD itu sendiri. Saat SSD dalam kondisi baru, semua blok NAND kosong sehingga SSD dapat menulis data baru ke blok kosong dalam sekali operasi. Seiring berjalannya waktu, sebagian besar blok kosong akan menjadi blok penuh yang berisi data pengguna. Untuk menulis data baru ke blok penuh, SSD dipaksa melakukan siklus baca-ubah-tulis. Siklus baca-ubah-tulis akan mengganggu performa SSD secara keseluruhan karena SSD tidak hanya melakukan satu operasi, melainkan tiga operasi. Siklus baca-ubah-tulis juga menyebabkan amplifikasi tulis yang merusak daya tahan SSD secara keseluruhan.

Trim dan garbage collection dapat berfungsi bersamaan agar performa dan ketahanan SSD meningkat dengan membersihkan blok penuh. Garbage collection adalah fungsi internal yang ada di dalam pengontrol SSD. Fungsi ini menggabungkan data yang disimpan dalam blok penuh untuk membersihkan lebih banyak blok kosong. Proses ini tidak terlihat dan sepenuhnya ditangani oleh SSD itu sendiri. Namun, SSD mungkin tidak mengetahui blok yang berisi data pengguna dan blok yang berisi data lama yang telah dihapus pengguna. Di sinilah manfaat trim. Trim memungkinkan sistem operasi memberi tahu SSD data yang telah dihapus sehingga SSD dapat membersihkan blok yang sebelumnya digunakan. Sistem operasi dan SSD harus mendukung agar trim dapat bekerja. Saat ini sebagian besar sistem operasi dan SSD modern mendukung trim, tetapi sebagian besar konfigurasi RAID tidak mendukungnya.

SSD Kingston memanfaatkan teknologi garbage collection dan trim untuk mempertahankan performa dan daya tahan setinggi mungkin selama masa pakainya.

FAQ: KSD-011411-GEN-13

ElectroStatic Discharge (Pelepasan Muatan Listrik Statis), ESD adalah pelepasan dari statis listrik yang terkumpul. ESD harus ditangani dengan serius karena ini adalah salah satu cara seseorang dapat merusak atau menghancurkan komponen komputer atau perangkat keras mereka.Seperti Anda menggosokkan kaki di karpet, lalu menyentuh benda metal. ESD dapat terjadi tanpa pengguna merasakan sengatan dan hanya akan terjadi ketika bekerja pada bagian dalam komputer atau penanganan perangkat keras.

Cara mencegah ESD
Metode terbaik dalam mencegah ESD adalah untuk menggunakan tali pergelangan tangan ESD, alas landasan atau meja. Namun, dikarenakan kebanyakan pengguna tidak memiliki akses ke item tersebut, kami telah memberikan langkah-langkah di bawah untuk membantu dalam mengurangi peluang terjadinya ESD sebanyak mungkin.

  • Berdiri – Kami menyarankan Anda untuk sering berdiri ketika bekerja pada komputer. Duduk di kursi dapat menghasilkan lebih banyak listrik statis.
  • Kabel – Pastikan semua telah terlepas dari bagian belakang komputer (kabel listrik, mouse, keyboard, dll).
  • Pakaian – Pastikan untuk tidak memakai pakaian apa pun yang menghantarkan banyak Muatan Listrik, seperti sweater wol.
  • Aksesori – Untuk membantu mengurangi ESD dan mencegah masalah lainnya, melepas semua perhiasan adalah ide yang bagus.
  • Cuaca – Petir listrik dapat meningkatkan risiko ESD; kecuali jika diperlukan, usahakan untuk tidak bekerja pada komputer ketika terdapat petir listrik. Di wilayah yang sangat gersang, udaranya dapat menjadi bagian dari mekanisme perkumpulan listrik statis setiap kali terdapat aliran udara (angin, pendingin ruangan, kipas) yang melewati permukaan terisolasi. Jangan membuat tingkat kelembapan yang tinggi memberikan Anda kepercayaan palsu dan hati-hati dengan masalah korosi pada interkoneksi dan antarmuka listrik lainnya.

To learn more about ESD and how to protect your electronics, please refer to the below site.

ESD Association
http://www.esda.org/aboutESD.html

FAQ: KTC-Gen-ESD
Secure Erase User Guide for Linux
This guide will walk you through securely erasing your Kingston SSD using Linux tools

SATA Secure Erase Procedure

Warning
Please make sure to have a full backup of any important data before you proceed!

Prerequisites
• You must have root privileges.
• You must have your SSD connected to the system as a secondary (non-OS) drive.
• You must have lsscsi and hdparm installed. You may need to install them with your distribution’s package manager.
• Your drive must not be in a security freeze.
• Your drive must not be password protected.

Instructions
1. Find the device name (/dev/sdX) of the drive you wish to erase:
# lsscsi

2. Make sure drive security is not frozen:
# hdparm -I /dev/sdX | grep frozen

If the output shows "frozen" (instead of "not frozen") then you cannot continue to the next step. You must try to remove the security freeze by trying one of the following methods:

Method 1: Put the system to sleep (suspend to RAM) and wake it up. On most distributions the command to suspend is:
# systemctl suspend

Now issue the hdparm command again. If it worked the output will show “not frozen” (instead of “frozen”).
Method 2: Hot plug the drive. This is done by physically unplugging the SATA power cable from the drive and plugging it back in while the system is powered on. You may need to enable hot plug in BIOS. Not all systems support hot plug.

Now issue the hdparm command again. If it worked the output will show “not frozen” (instead of “frozen”).

3. Set a user password on the drive. The password can be anything. Here we are setting the password to “p”:
# hdparm --security-set-pass p /dev/sdX

4. Issue the secure erase command to the drive using the same password:
# hdparm --security-erase p /dev/sdX

This command may take a few minutes to complete. The drive password is removed upon successful completion.
If the secure erase is interrupted or otherwise fails your drive may become security locked. In this case you can remove the security lock using the command below and then try the secure erase procedure again:
# hdparm --security-disable p /dev/sdX

SATA Secure Erase Example



NVMe Secure Erase Procedure

Warning
Please make sure to have a full backup of any important data before you proceed!

Prerequisites
• You must have root privileges.
• You must have your SSD connected to the system as a secondary (non-OS) drive.
• You must have nvme-cli installed. You may need to install it with your distribution’s package manager.
• Your drive must not be password protected.

Instructions
1. Find the device name (/dev/nvmeXn1) of the drive you wish to erase:
# nvme list

2. Issue the format command to the drive. Here we set the secure erase setting to 1 which indicates a user data erase:
# nvme format /dev/nvmeXn1 --ses=1

This command may take a few minutes to complete.


NVMe Secure Erase Example

FAQ: KSM-SE-LIX
To determine which NVMe driver is in use, you can run the AS SSD benchmark tool and select your Kingston NVMe SSD from the drop-down menu. This will report the driver being used for that drive. If the driver is "iaStorAC" then your drive is using the Intel driver. If the driver is "stornvme" then your drive is using the Microsoft driver. FAQ: KSD-001525-001-00
Caution! The workarounds below will break RST RAID arrays and could lead to data loss. If your system has RST RAID
arrays you should consider an alternate solution.

Workaround 1: Disable RST Control in BIOS

This workaround requires BIOS options to enable or disable RST Control and is not available on all systems.

Note: Please backup all important data before you proceed!

1. Restart and enter the system BIOS
2. Locate the RST Configuration settings in BIOS
3. Change "RST Controlled" to "Not RST Controlled"
4. Save and exit BIOS
5. Open KSM and update the drive firmware

Once these steps are completed you may optionally switch back to "RST Controlled" in BIOS.

Workaround 2: Switch from RAID to AHCI in BIOS

This workaround is to change your system storage mode from RAID to AHCI and should work on all systems.

Note: Please backup all important data before you proceed!

1. Open msconfig
2. Select the Boot tab
3. Check Safe boot (minimal)
4. Click OK and Restart
5. When the system restarts go into the system BIOS
6. Change the storage mode from RAID to AHCI
7. Save and exit BIOS
8. Wait for Windows to boot into safe mode
9. Open msconfig
10. Select the Boot tab
11. Uncheck Safe boot
12. Click OK and Restart
13. Wait for Windows to boot normally
14. Open KSM and update the drive firmware

Once these steps are completed you may optionally switch the storage mode back to RAID in BIOS. FAQ: KSD-001525-001-01

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