FAQ(자주 묻는 질문)

기타 질문

Open the control panel, open administrative tools and then open computer management. Click on Disk Management and see if the SSD drive is seen in the right window pane. If it is, right click on where it is labeled as disk 1, disk 2, etc and select "Initialize disk" (this may come up automatically when you go to Disk Management).

In XP, right click on the area to the right of that and choose "New Partition". Then choose "Primary Partition" in the partition wizard. Continue with the wizard by choosing the size, drive letter and formatting of the partition.

In Windows Vista and 7, right click on the area to the right of the disk label and choose "New Simple Volume". Continue with the wizard by choosing the size, drive letter and formatting of the partition.

In MacOS, a "disk insertion" window will appear. Click on the "initialize" button. This will take you to the disk utility. Select the Kingston drive from the list of drives on the left side of the Window. From the actions available, choose partition. For the "Volume Scheme", choose "1 partition". For the format, choose MacOS extended for a permanent drive. Choose ExFAT for an external drive (available on MacOS 10.6.6 and above). Click Apply. A warning windows will appear stating you will erase all data from the drive. Click on the partition button at the bottom.

FAQ: KSD-060314-GEN-14

이 드라이브를 단일 부팅 드라이브로 사용하지 말 것을 적극 권장합니다. 이 드라이브는 서버 환경에서 RAID 구성에 사용하도록 설계되어 있습니다. 이 드라이브를 단일 부팅 드라이브로 사용하고자 하는 경우 TRIM 기능을 비활성화해야 합니다. 그렇지 않으면 드라이브 불안정 및 데이터 손실이 발생할 수 있습니다. 드라이브가 RAID에서 구성되어 있는 경우 이 문제는 발생하지 않습니다. SSD가 RAID 구성에 없으면 TRIM 명령을 전송할 수 없습니다. 이 문제를 해결하기 위해 현재 펌웨어 업데이트를 준비 중입니다.

단일 부팅 드라이브로 이미 사용 중인 경우 펌웨어 업데이트가 준비될 때까지는 TRIM을 비활성화할 수 있습니다. Windows 7과 Server 2008에서 TRIM 명령을 비활성화하려면 관리자 권한 명령에서 다음을 입력하고 Enter를 누릅니다:

fsutil behavior set disabledeletenotify 1

Linux에서는 TRIM을 직접 활성화해야 합니다. MacOS에서는 Apple 브랜드 드라이브만 TRIM이 지원됩니다.

FAQ: KSD-070512-E100-01

When the SSD is recognized in the BIOS, but Windows 7 installation does not detect the drive, follow these steps:

Disconnect any other hard drives or SSDs. Boot the Windows 7 installation disk. Choose repair, then advanced, then command prompt. Type: "diskpart" without quotes and press Enter. You will see a prompt labeled "diskpart". Type the following commands and press enter after each one.

Diskpart > Select Disk 0
Diskpart > Clean
Diskpart > Create Partition Primary Align=1024
Diskpart > Format Quick FS=NTFS
Diskpart > List Partition
Diskpart > Active
Diskpart > Exit

Then reboot the computer to the Windows 7 installation disk.

FAQ: KSD-100214-GEN-20

TRIM 및 가비지 컬렉션은 최신 SSD가 성능과 내구성을 모두 개선하기 위해 통합한 기술입니다. SSD가 신제품(fresh out of box) 상태인 경우 모든 NAND 블록이 비워져 있어 SSD는 단일 작업으로 빈 블록에 새로운 데이터를 쓸 수 있습니다. 시간이 지나면서 대부분의 빈 블록은 사용자 데이터를 포함하는 이미 사용된 블록이 됩니다. 이미 사용된 블록에 새로운 데이터를 쓰기 위해 SSD는 읽기-수정-쓰기 주기를 수행해야 합니다. 읽기-수정-쓰기 주기로 인해 SSD 전반적인 성능이 저하될 수 있는데 그 이유는 단일 작업 대신 세 개의 작업을 수행하기 때문입니다. 읽기-수정-쓰기 주기는 또한 SSD 전반적인 내구성을 저하시키는 쓰기 증폭을 유발할 수 있습니다.

TRIM 및 가비지 컬렉션은 이미 사용된 블록을 확보하여 SSD 성능과 내구성을 향상시키기 위해 함께 작동할 수 있습니다. 가비지 컬렉션은 SSD 컨트롤러에 내장된 기능이며 빈 블록을 더 많이 확보하기 위해 이미 사용된 블록에 저장된 데이터를 통합합니다. 이 과정은 백그라운드에서 이루어지고 SSD 자체가 이 과정을 완전히 관리합니다. 하지만 SSD는 어느 블록이 사용자 데이터를 포함하고 어느 블록이 사용자가 이미 삭제한 오래된 데이터를 포함하는지 감지하지 못할 수 있습니다. 여기에 TRIM 기능이 적용됩니다. TRIM을 통해 작업 시스템은 데이터가 삭제한 SSD를 알려 주어 SSD는 이전에 사용된 블록을 확보할 수 있습니다. TRIM이 작동하려면 작업 시스템과 SSD 모두 이것을 지원해야 합니다. 현재 최신 작업 시스템 및 SSD는 TRIM을 지원하지만 대부분의 RAID 구성은 이것을 지원하지 않습니다.

Kingston SSD는 수명주기 내내 최고의 성능 및 내구성을 유지하기 위해 가비지 컬렉션 및 TRIM 기술 모두를 활용합니다.

FAQ: KSD-011411-GEN-13

ElectroStatic Discharge, ESD is simply the discharge of built up static electricity.ESD should not be taken lightly as this is one of the few things an individual can do to damage or destroy their computer or hardware components.It is like when you rub your feet on the carpet and you touch something metal.ESD can occur without the user feeling a shock and will occur when only working on the inside of the computer or handling hardware.

How to help prevent ESD
The best method of preventing ESD is to use an ESD wrist strap or a grounding mat or table.However, because most users do not have access to these items, we have included the below steps to help reduce the chance of ESD as much as possible.

  • Standing – We recommend that you are standing at all times when working on the computer. Setting on a chair can generate more electrostatic.
  • Cords - Make sure everything is removed from the back of the computer (power cord, mouse, keyboard, etc).
  • Clothes - Make sure not to wear any clothing that conducts a lot of Electrical Charge, such as a wool sweater.
  • Accessories - To help reduce ESD and help prevent other problem, it is also a good idea to remove all jewelry.
  • Weather - Electrical storms can increase the ESD risk; unless absolutely necessary, try not to work on a computer during an electrical storm.In very dry areas, the air itself becomes a part of the electrostatic build-up mechanism every time there is an air flow (wind, air conditioning, blower) passing over an insulated surface.Do not let high humidity levels build a false confidence, and beware of corrosion problems with interconnects and other electrical interfaces.

To learn more about ESD and how to protect your electronics, please refer to the below site.

ESD Association
http://www.esda.org/aboutESD.html

FAQ: KTC-Gen-ESD
Secure Erase User Guide for Linux
This guide will walk you through securely erasing your Kingston SSD using Linux tools

SATA Secure Erase Procedure

Warning
Please make sure to have a full backup of any important data before you proceed!

Prerequisites
• You must have root privileges.
• You must have your SSD connected to the system as a secondary (non-OS) drive.
• You must have lsscsi and hdparm installed. You may need to install them with your distribution’s package manager.
• Your drive must not be in a security freeze.
• Your drive must not be password protected.

Instructions
1. Find the device name (/dev/sdX) of the drive you wish to erase:
# lsscsi

2. Make sure drive security is not frozen:
# hdparm -I /dev/sdX | grep frozen

If the output shows "frozen" (instead of "not frozen") then you cannot continue to the next step. You must try to remove the security freeze by trying one of the following methods:

Method 1: Put the system to sleep (suspend to RAM) and wake it up. On most distributions the command to suspend is:
# systemctl suspend

Now issue the hdparm command again. If it worked the output will show “not frozen” (instead of “frozen”).
Method 2: Hot plug the drive. This is done by physically unplugging the SATA power cable from the drive and plugging it back in while the system is powered on. You may need to enable hot plug in BIOS. Not all systems support hot plug.

Now issue the hdparm command again. If it worked the output will show “not frozen” (instead of “frozen”).

3. Set a user password on the drive. The password can be anything. Here we are setting the password to “p”:
# hdparm --security-set-pass p /dev/sdX

4. Issue the secure erase command to the drive using the same password:
# hdparm --security-erase p /dev/sdX

This command may take a few minutes to complete. The drive password is removed upon successful completion.
If the secure erase is interrupted or otherwise fails your drive may become security locked. In this case you can remove the security lock using the command below and then try the secure erase procedure again:
# hdparm --security-disable p /dev/sdX

SATA Secure Erase Example



NVMe Secure Erase Procedure

Warning
Please make sure to have a full backup of any important data before you proceed!

Prerequisites
• You must have root privileges.
• You must have your SSD connected to the system as a secondary (non-OS) drive.
• You must have nvme-cli installed. You may need to install it with your distribution’s package manager.
• Your drive must not be password protected.

Instructions
1. Find the device name (/dev/nvmeXn1) of the drive you wish to erase:
# nvme list

2. Issue the format command to the drive. Here we set the secure erase setting to 1 which indicates a user data erase:
# nvme format /dev/nvmeXn1 --ses=1

This command may take a few minutes to complete.


NVMe Secure Erase Example

FAQ: KSM-SE-LIX

기술 지원

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